International Journal of Mathematical, Engineering and Management Sciences

ISSN: 2455-7749

Performance Evaluation of Design AD System Biogas Purification Filter

Ejiroghene Kelly Orhorhoro
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Benin, Nigeria.

Oghenero Wilson Orhorhoro
Faculty of Engineering, Delta State Polytechnic, Otefe-Oghara, Nigeria.

Eruero Victor Atumah
Faculty of Engineering, Delta State Polytechnic, Otefe-Oghara, Nigeria.

DOI https://dx.doi.org/10.33889/IJMEMS.2018.3.1-003

Received on October 21, 2016
  ;
Accepted on December 02, 2016

Abstract

Biogas purification which is the removal of impurities so as to improve the efficiency of gas produced, ensure the safety of end users and prolong the life of the equipment cannot be neglected. This paper is focused on the design and performance evaluation of AD system biogas purification filter. Three different conceptual designs were generated from possible design consideration, feasibility study and preliminary test and with the help of decision matrix; the best conceptual design was selected from which the purification filter was fabricated. The selected concept for detail design was a transparent polyethene cylindrical purification filter fitted with local iron sponge containing activated charcoal and local potash. The reagents were arranged in this order; local potash for the removal of water vapour and carbon dioxide followed by activated charcoal which serves as a purifying agent for hydrogen sulphide. The results obtained showed reduction in percentage composition of hydrogen sulphide (H2S), carbon dioxide, and water vapour. On the other hand, there was an increase in percentage composition of methane (CH4) which is an indication of improvement in methane production after purification. The outcomes of the results obtained were satisfactory and the combination of local potash and activated charcoal was adequate for biogas purification.

Keywords- AD system, Purification filter, Design, Local reagents, Biogas.

Citation

Orhorhoro, E. K., Orhorhoro, O. W., & Atumah, E. V. (2018). Performance Evaluation of Design AD System Biogas Purification Filter. International Journal of Mathematical, Engineering and Management Sciences, 3(1), 17-27. https://dx.doi.org/10.33889/IJMEMS.2018.3.1-003.

Conflict of Interest

Acknowledgements

References

Adelekan, B. A. & Bamgboye, A.I. (2009). Comparison of biogas productivity of cassava peels mixed in selected ratios with major livestock waste types. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 4(7), 571-577.

Akinbami, J. F. K. (2001). Renewable energy resources and technologies in Nigeria: present situation, future prospects and policy framework. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 6(2), 155-182.

Akinbami, J. F., Ilori, M. O., Oyebisi, T. O., Akinwumi, I. O., & Adeoti, O. (2001). Biogas energy use in Nigeria: current status, future prospects and policy implications. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 5(1), 97-112.

Appels, L., Baeyens, J., Degrève, J., & Dewil, R. (2008). Principles and potential of the anaerobic digestion of waste-activated sludge. Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, 34(6), 755-781.

Bamgboye, I. A. (2012). The potential of producing fuel from biomass in Nigeria. In Jekayinfa SO Ed). Building a non-oil export based economy for Nigeria: the potential of value –added products from agricultural residues. Cuvillier Verlag Gottingen. pp. 35-41

Bhattacharya, S. C., Salam, P. A., Runqing, H., Somashekar, H. I., Racelis, D. A., Rathnasiri, P. G., & Yingyuad, R. (2005). An assessment of the potential for non-plantation biomass resources in selected Asian countries for 2010. Biomass and Bioenergy, 29(3), 153-166.

Bruni, E., Jensen, A. P., Pedersen, E. S., & Angelidaki, I. (2010). Anaerobic digestion of maize focusing on variety, harvest time and pretreatment. Applied Energy, 87(7), 2212-2217.

Energy Commission of Nigeria (2008). Communiqué of National workshop on sustainable Jatropha for energy development. 6th -7th May, Mambayya house, Kano. www.energy.gov.ng. Accessed on 3rd January 2015.

Gamba, S., & Pellegrini, L. A. (2013). Biogas upgrading: Analysis and comparison between water and chemical scrubbings. Chemical Engineering Transactions, 32, 1273-1278.

Igoni, A. H., Ayotamuno, M. J., Eze, C. L., Ogaji, S. O. T., & Probert, S. D. (2008). Designs of anaerobic digesters for producing biogas from municipal solid-waste. Applied Energy, 85(6), 430-438.

Kim, S., Kim, H. T., & Chi, B. (2004). Optimization of CO2 absorption process with MEA solution. Carbon Dioxide Utilization for Global Sustainability, 153, 429-434.

Kopachevsky, I., Kostyuchenko, Y. V., & Stoyka, O. (2016). Land use drivers of population dynamics in tasks of security management and risk assessment. International Journal of Mathematical, Engineering and Management Sciences, 1(1), 18–25.

Liu, G., Zhang, R., El-Mashad, H. M., & Dong, R. (2009). Effect of feed to inoculum ratios on biogas yields of food and green wastes. Bioresource Technology, 100(21), 5103-5108.

Ngumah, C., Ogbulie, J. N., Orji, J. C., & Amadi, E. S. (2013). Biogas potential of organic waste in Nigeria. Journal of Urban and Environmental Engineering, 7(1), 110-116.

Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency (2011). The 2011 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Pacific Earthquake and the seismic damage to the NPPs, Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency (NISA); Japan Nuclear Energy Safety Organization (JNES), Japan.

Orhorhoro, E. K., Ebunilo, P. O., Tamuno, R. I., & Essienubong, I. A. (2016). The study of anaerobic co-digestion of non-uniform multiple feed stock availability and composition in Nigeria. European Journal of Engineering Research and Science, 1(1), 39-42.

Qiao, W., Yan, X., Ye, J., Sun, Y., Wang, W., & Zhang, Z. (2011). Evaluation of biogas production from different biomass wastes with/without hydrothermal pretreatment. Renewable Energy, 36(12), 3313-3318.

Rabah, A. B., Baki, A. S., Hassan, L. G., Musa, M., & Ibrahim, A. D. (2010). Production of biogas using abattoir waste at different retention time. Science World Journal, 5(4), 23-26.

Ray, N. H. S., Mohanty, M. K., & Mohanty, R. C. (2013). Anaerobic digestion of kitchen wastes: biogas production and pretreatment of wastes, a review. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 3(11), 1-6.

Sambo, A. S. (2005). Renewable energy for rural development-the Nigerian perspective. ISESCO Science and Technology Vision, 1, 12-22.

Sambo, A. S. (2006). Renewable energy electricity in Nigeria, the way forward. Paper presented at the Renewable Electricity Policy Conference held at Shehu Musa Yarádua Centre, Abuja. pp. 11-12.

Schomaker, A. H. H. M., Boerboom, A. A. M., & Visser, A. (2000). Anaerobic digestion of agro-industrial wastes: information network, technical summary on gas treatment AD-NETT, Project FAIR-CT96-2083 (GD12-SSMI).

United State Environmental regulations and technology (2003). Control of pathogens and vector attraction in sewage sludge under CFR part 503. Report No. 625/R-92/013. Cincinnati, OH: US EPA, Washington DC.

Yuan, W., & Bandosz, T. J. (2007). Removal of hydrogen sulfide from biogas on sludge-derived adsorbents. Fuel, 86(17), 2736-2746.

Zaouak O., Ben D. A., Fages, M., Fanlo, J. L., & Aubert, B. (2012). High performance cost effective miniature sensor for continuous network monitoring of hydrogen H2S. Chemical Engineering Transactions, 30, 325-330.

Zhou, Q., Shen, F., Yuan, H., Zou, D., Liu, Y., Zhu, B., & Li, X. (2014). Minimizing asynchronism to improve the performances of anaerobic co-digestion of food waste and corn stover. Bioresource Technology, 166, 31-36.

Privacy Policy| Terms & Conditions