International Journal of Mathematical, Engineering and Management Sciences

ISSN: 2455-7749

Numerical Prediction of Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow Characteristics in a Circular Microchannel with Bifurcation Plate

Valaparla Ranjith Kumar
Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Warangal, 506004, Telangana, India.

Karthik Balasubramanian
Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Warangal, 506004, Telangana, India.

K. Kiran Kumar
Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Warangal, 506004, Telangana, India.

DOI https://dx.doi.org/10.33889/IJMEMS.2019.4.6-109

Received on December 25, 2018
  ;
Accepted on August 28, 2019

Abstract

Hydrothermal characteristics in circular wavy microchannels (CWMCs) with bifurcation plate have been numerically studied and compared with hydrothermal performance of sinusoidal wavy microchannels (SWMCs). Numerical study were carried out considering the Reynolds number (Re) ranging from 100 to 300. It was observed that, as the fluid flows through CWMC, it continuously absorbs heat from the channel leading to decrease in the temperature difference between the channel and the fluid. Hence, heat dissipation along the channel length decreases. To augment the heat dissipation along the fluid flow direction in CWMC, bifurcation plate (BFP) is introduced in the middle of the channel. CWMC with bifurcation plate has shown higher Nusselt number (Nu) with pressure drop penalty. The parametric study on bifurcation plate length was also carried out to minimize the pressure drop penalty and to achieve higher Nu. It is identified that CWMC with bifurcation plate length of 12.5 mm gives higher Nu with pressure drop penalty. Nu is further enhanced by providing slots on bifurcation plate. It is concluded that CWMC with BFP(10 mm) having slots gives the highest Nu than any other designs with pressure drop penalty.

Keywords- Circular wavy microchannel, Bifurcation plate, Bifurcation plate with slots, Dean vortices.

Citation

Kumar, V. R., Balasubramanian, K., & Kumar, K. K. (2019). Numerical Prediction of Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow Characteristics in a Circular Microchannel with Bifurcation Plate. International Journal of Mathematical, Engineering and Management Sciences, 4(6), 1384-1396. https://dx.doi.org/10.33889/IJMEMS.2019.4.6-109.

Conflict of Interest

The authors confirm that this article contents have no conflict of interest.

Acknowledgements

This work was completed as a part of SERB (ECR/2016/000119), is gratefully acknowledged.

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