International Journal of Mathematical, Engineering and Management Sciences

ISSN: 2455-7749

Adaptive Matching of the Radar Signal and Image Display Device Dynamic Ranges

Vitaliy Garmash
Department of Radio Electronic Systems, Baltic State Technical University, Russia.

Yuriy Petrov
Department of Radio Electronic Systems, Baltic State Technical University, Russia.

Andrey Andreev
Department of Technosphere Safety, Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University, St. Petersburg, 195220, Russia.

Anatoly Zaitsev
Department of Technosphere Safety, Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University, St. Petersburg, 195220, Russia.

DOI https://dx.doi.org/10.33889/IJMEMS.2019.4.6-114

Received on December 05, 2018
  ;
Accepted on September 13, 2019

Abstract

This article presents nonlinear radar signal processing method to form an image of the Earth's surface. The method proposes to match the dynamic ranges of the received signal and of the visualization device. The essence of the method is adaptive nonlinear signal processing, which provides better local contrast of radar images and improves discrimination of individual objects. The computational complexity of the proposed algorithm is optimized and allows real-time implementation in the airborne computing systems with limited computational power. Objects with large RCS merged into large illuminated "spots"; their visibility on the surrounding background has been reduced, unwanted effects are due to the fact that the above algorithms have a single point effect. To overcome the problems, the «Retinex» algorithm is usually used. They do not take into account the local neighborhood of pixels; therefore, in cases where the image contains both highly dark and strongly light local areas, these algorithms cannot provide high-quality matching of dynamic ranges.

Keywords- Radar signal, Radar cross-section, Digital image processing, Nonlinear processing, Adaptive contrasting.

Citation

Garmash, V., Petrov, Y., Andreev, A., & Zaitsev, A. (2019). Adaptive Matching of the Radar Signal and Image Display Device Dynamic Ranges. International Journal of Mathematical, Engineering and Management Sciences, 4(6), 1448-1458. https://dx.doi.org/10.33889/IJMEMS.2019.4.6-114.

Conflict of Interest

The authors confirm that there is no conflict of interest to declare for this publication.

Acknowledgements

The work was carried out in accordance with the decree of the Government of the Russian Federation from 09.04.2010 № 218 (PROJECT 218) in the framework of R&D, executing with the financial support of the Ministry of education and science of the Russian Federation (agreement № 074-11-2018-025 from 13.07.2018). Work is performed in lead R & D performer organization: Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Professional Education BSTU "VOENMEH" named after D.F. Ustinov.

The research carried out with the financial support of the grant from the Program Competitiveness Enhancement of Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University.

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