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International Journal of Mathematical, Engineering and Management Sciences

ISSN: 2455-7749


Numerical Investigation of Mixed Convection incorporating Ag-H2O Nanofluid inside Square Enclosure for Different Heater Locations

Numerical Investigation of Mixed Convection incorporating Ag-H2O Nanofluid inside Square Enclosure for Different Heater Locations

Anshuman Panigrahi
Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology Durgapur, Mahatma Gandhi Avenue Marg, Durgapur, West Bengal, India.

Bishwajit Sharma
Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology Durgapur, Mahatma Gandhi Avenue Marg, Durgapur, West Bengal, India.

Rabindra Nath Barman
Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology Durgapur, Mahatma Gandhi Avenue Marg, Durgapur, West Bengal, India.

DOI https://dx.doi.org/10.33889/IJMEMS.2019.4.2-036

Received on October 08, 2018
  ;
Accepted on December 22, 2018

Abstract

The present study is an attempt to elucidate mixed convection flow in a shear driven enclosure incorporating silver nanofluid with a square cylindrical heat source placed at several locations. The simplicity from the point of view of computational expense has been achieved by carrying out 2-D simulations using the finite volume method. The effects of the change in heat source locations are studied observing the isotherms and average Nusselt number with respect to the concentration of silver in the nanofluid (0%, 1%, 3%, and 5%) and Richardson number (0.01, 0.1, 1 and 10) as decisive parameters. Prandtl number and Grashof number have been fixed to 6.2 and 104 respectively. The investigation is undertaken for five different locations of the square cylindrical heater. The study shows that maximum heat dissipation at higher Reynolds number occurs when the heater is placed near the bottom right corner of the enclosure; whereas in case of low Reynolds number, the heater when placed near the top left a corner of the enclosure yields maximum heat transfer. The investigation also yields a positive correlation between average Nusselt number with increasing silver concentration.

Keywords- Shear-driven flow, Silver nanofluids, Mixed convection, Finite volume method.

Citation

Panigrahi, A., Sharma, B., & Barman, R. N. (2019). Numerical Investigation of Mixed Convection incorporating Ag-H2O Nanofluid inside Square Enclosure for Different Heater Locations. International Journal of Mathematical, Engineering and Management Sciences, 4(2), 442-451. https://dx.doi.org/10.33889/IJMEMS.2019.4.2-036.

Conflict of Interest

All authors have equal contribution in this work and declare that there is no conflict of interest for this publication.

Acknowledgements

The author(s) would like to acknowledge the esteemed support and guidance from Department of Mechanical Engineering and Computer Center at NIT Durgapur to carry out the present study.

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