International Journal of Mathematical, Engineering and Management Sciences

ISSN: 2455-7749

Influence of Hybrid Fibres on Bond Strength of Concrete

Srinivasa Rao Naraganti
Department of Civil Engineering, Sreenivasa Institute of Technology and Management Studies, Chittoor, 517127, India.

Rama Mohan Rao Pannem
Centre for Disater Mitigation and Management, Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore, 632014, India.

Jagadeesh Putta
School of Civil Engineering, Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore, 632014, India.


Received on August 01, 2019
Accepted on December 10, 2019


Bond strength between embedded bar and concrete plays vital role in the design of various reinforced concrete structural elements. Use of metallic and synthetic fibres has been shown to be an effective method to enhance tensile strength, reduce shrinkage and improve durability properties of concrete. However, making of synthetic fibres will not only deplete the natural hydrocarbon resources, but also add greenhouse pollutants to the environment. Hence, sisal fibre was considered as a potential alternative to polypropylene fibre. An experimental study was conducted to evaluate the influence of sisal fibres as mono-fibre and in combination with steel as hybrid fibre on bond strength of concrete. The performance of steel polypropylene fibre reinforced concrete (SPFRC) is compared with that of steel sisal fibre reinforced concrete (SSiFRC). Bond strength was conducted onM30 grade concrete for curing periods of 7, 28 and 90 days. Fibre dosages of 0.50%, 1.00%, 1.25% and 1.50% by volume of concrete were used. Results indicated that increase in steel fibre dosage improved the bond strength slightly. However, increase in fibre dosage of either PP fibres or sisal fibres resulted decrease in bond strength. Furthermore, sisal fibre reinforced concrete (SiFRC) showed inferior performance in bond strength as compared to polypropylene fibre reinforced concrete (PFRC). A detailed statistical analysis revealed that although no strong correlation between the compressive strength and the bond strength was evident from the experimental study, means of bond strength of both the hybrid groups did not differ significantly. In addition, empirical equations were proposed to predict the bond strength of fibre reinforced concrete (FRC) based on compressive strength.

Keywords- Bond strength, Fibre reinforced concrete, Steel fibres, Polypropylene fibres, Sisal fibres.


Naraganti, S. R., Pannem, R. M. R., & Putta, J. (2020). Influence of Hybrid Fibres on Bond Strength of Concrete. International Journal of Mathematical, Engineering and Management Sciences, 5(2), 353-362.

Conflict of Interest

The author confirms that there is no conflict of interest to declare for this publication.


The author acknowledges and expresses the gratitude to the reviewer’s constructive comments and valuable suggestion for enhancing the quality of the manuscript.


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